7-23 July – All come on bikes!!!!!
For the second time this summer, bike lovers are invited to participate in the
"The Path of Baron's and Peterson's"
Trip starts in Tartu (Estonia)
and the end of the trip will be
held in Dundaga (Latvia)
7 July – Tartu – Otepää (Estonia)
8 July – Otepää – Valga (Estonia) – Valka
9 July – Valka – Smiltene – Rauna
10 July – Rauna – Berzkrogs – Taurene – Ineshi
11 July – Ineshi – Ergli
12 July – Ergli – Odziena – Koknese
13 July – Koknese – Staburags – Aizkraukle – Skriveri – Plauzu lake
14 July – Plauzu lake
15 July – Plauzu lake – Zaube – Nitaure
16 July – Nitaure – Sigulda
17 July – Sigulda – Riga - Open Air Museum
18 July - Riga – Slampe
19 July – Slampe – Lestene - Jaunpils – Strutele
20 July – Strutele – Irlava – Zemîte – Kandava – Sabile
21 July – Sabile
22 July – Sabile – Talsi – Dundaga
23 July – Dundaga
7. July at 12.00 START in Tartu
Open Ceremony on 7th of July:
Marju Varblane on bagpipe
Opening speech – Veljo Lamp, Sports Service Manager, Mati Tolmoff, director of Estonian Sports Museum
Walking tour in City Centre
7 July, Tartu - Otepää
Tartu – city of good thoughts
- Old Town:
Town Hall Square
A trapezium-shaped central square is surrounded by classical buildings. In 1998 Town Hall Square was decorated with a sculpture of kissing students.
- The Town Hall
The third town hall in the same site – previous buildings were destroyed by fire. The ground floor
of the Town Hall, built in the 18th century, was occupied by a prison and a weigh house. The upper floors were used by the City Council. The City Council and the City Government work in the Town Hall to this day. At midday, 6 pm and 9 pm you can hear the carillon of 18 bells made in Germany.
- Kivisilla Art Gallery
The building was erected next to the medieval town wall in 1793. The side of the house facing the river is supported by the old city wall, but the other is built on piles. Therefore the house has tilted and the people of Tartu call it the “Tilted House.” You can see a permanent exhibition of Estonian art in the gallery.
- The Main Building of the University
In 1699 the university’s work was interrupted by war. In 1802 the university was reopened.
In 1809 the university’s main building after Johann Wilhelm Krause’s design was consecrated.
The assembly hall where the most festive events and concerts of the university are held is a magnificent example of interior design.
- St John’s Church
St John's Church. Built in the first half of the 14th century. A unique example of Gothic architecture in whole Europe with its almost 1000 preserved terracota figures. The church was badly damaged in WWII. After a long period of restoration, the church will be festively re-opened on 29 June 2005, rhe Day of the City of Tartu.
- Toome Hill:
The Ruins of the Cathedral.
The construction of the Cathedral began in the 13th century. It was completed in the 15th century as a threenaved basilica. The Cathedral was demolished during the Reformation and the Livonian War. In 1624 a fire finally ruined the Cathedral. In 1807 the university library was built in the choir and it worked there until 1982. At present, the University History Museum occupies the space. Observation platforms will be built in the tower of the ruins.
- The Angel’s Bridge
Built in 1838. The bas-relief to G. F. Parrot, the first rector of the university (reopened in 1802), decorates the bridge on its side facing the Toome Hill. The name of the bridge is probably derived
from the words “inglise sild” (“English bridge”), because a part of the Toome Hill is designed in the
- The Devil’s Bridge
Built to commemorate the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty of the Russian tsars in 1913. It was dedicated to the memory of the Emperor Alexander I.
Otepää - the Jewel of Estonian Landscape
- Otepää Nature Park
Otepää Nature Park is located in the northern part of the Valga County on the area of the Otepää, Palupera, Puka, and Sangaste parishes. The Nature Park covers 22,430 ha in the central part of the 1,180 km2 Otepää upland. By its territory the Otepää upland is the largest landscape protection area in Estonia.
- Lake Pühajärv
Pühajärv Lake is the biggest lake of the Otepää upland: the length of the lake is 3.5 km, and the widest spot 1.6 km, the greatest depth is 8.5 m, area 292.6 ha and the total length of the shoreline 16.4 km.
There are several springs on the lakeshores; the best known is the Armuallikas (Spring of Love) in the baylet. From the southern tip of the lake Väike-Emajõgi river begins. In the park on the shores of the lake stands a wooden sculpture in the honour of the religious leader of the Tibetan people His Holiness Dalai Lama XIV Tenzin Gyatso’s visit to Estonia in 1991.
Pühajärv is suitable for fishing, bathing and sunbathing; there is a boat rental in summer; one can find several beach cafés and the beach is also watched by the lifeguards. The Pühajärve beach was given a Blue Flag in summer 2000, which is the symbol of eco–friendliness in Europe. The recognition is annually applied for.
The overnight stay in Annimatsi Camping.
Place for tent (1 EUR = 16 EEK = 0,8 LVL per a person)
accommodation in camping houses (6,4 EUR=100 EEK= 4,45 LVL per a person)
8 July. Otepää - Valga - Valka
Harimägi is one of the biggest plateaus of the Otepää upland: 211.3 m above the sea level according to the latest measurements. The hill has also been called the Leenardi and Leonhardi hill.
There is a 28 m high wooden watch-toweron the hill; the height of the upper platform is 24 m. A scenic view opens from the tower to the hills of Otepää and across the valley of Väike-Emajõgi river till the Karula upland.
- Sangaste castle
The Sangaste castle completed in 1881 which belonged to the famous rye breeder Count Berg,has been built after the designs of architect Otto Pius Hippius. This magnificent mansion of red brick is one of the most representative examples of historicism in the whole Baltic region and in the outside look of the house one can notice elements reminding the Windsor Palace in England. The attention of the guests is attracted by a park with its ponds and rare tree species and the echo effect under the vaults of the front stairs.
Lossiküla, Sangaste parish
Ph: +372 767 9300
Valga – One Town, Two States
Valga was given the rights of town by Polish King Stefan Batory on June 11, 1584.
The County centre Valga and the Latvian town Valka are twins, separated by the Estonian/Latvian border. The border was marked by an international jury headed by British Colonel Stephen Tallents in 1920.
- Memorial of the Paju Battle
Near the Paju Manor on January 31, 1919 one of the most important battle of the War of Independence took place. Together with the Estonians, a regimen of Finnish volunteers called Regimen of The Sons of the North also fought. The most legendary leader of the War of Independence Julius Kuperjanov was mortally wounded in the battle. The battle is memorized by a granite monument on a three–step pyramid of earth, which was reopened by the Estonian President Lennart Meri on the 75th anniversary of the battle on January 30, 1994.
- Artificial lakes with beaches on their shores have been dug on the River of Pedeli flowing through the twin towns
of Valga and Valka, there are also 2 hiking paths suitable for recreational action and playgrounds for children.
- The Lugazhu St. Catherine Lutheran Church - the chapel was built in the 15th century, was burnt for several times, renovated in 1910. In the church there can be seen the painting “Sacred Supper” and the altar made in the first part of the 18th century (phone 4722893)
- The Valka Folk Museum - in this building in 1849 - 1890 there was the first Vidzeme Congregation Teachers Seminar leaded by Janis Cimze, a teacher and a composer.
Overnight stay at the Gauja River, in the meadow.
9 July. Valka - Smiltene - Rauna
- En route the Vijciems Cone Dry House, the museum, phone: 6478620, (1895 - one of the oldest cone dry houses in Europe). A unique technological monument preserved in a working condition, and authentic devices and facilities made in the end of the 19th century nowadays are also applied for drying of cones. During excursions visitors can get acquainted with drying devices and principles of their operation, cones processing cycles.
- The Vijciems Evangelical Lutheran Church, The Vijciems Parish (1852), charity visitation. The Church attracts attention by its single fa?ade timber - scale-type timber planks. In Latvia there are only 8 timbered churches.
The Lazdukalns Sight Tower, 8a Parka Street, ph. 6391450, entrance fee Ls 0,20-0,50 per a person. Its height is 21 m, but the sight platform is located on 19 m height. From the tower there is a good view to Smiltene and vicinity.
The Certene Hillfort, Smiltene - for the cyclists and walkers (mysterious stones, historical sites). The Hillfort is around 25 m high. In the 12th - 13th centuries it was inhabited by ancient Latgalians. The Certene Hillfort is one of earlier researched hillforts in Latvia - it was measured and described as early as in 1794. In 1882 in the Hillfort there were made some excavations during which there was found a thick layer of clay, with which there were enforced the Hillfort's sides. Up to nowadays there have been preserved artificial hillfort's protection dyke of up to 12 m deep and 5 m wide, which borders the Hillfort from three sides. Earth excavated from the dyke was thrown to edges of the Hillfort plateau, forming up to 2 m high rim. The Certene Hillfort fortification dyke is considered as one of the most magnificent fortifications of Latvian hillforts. As per the type of fortification and the power the Certene Hillfort is considered as a fortress type fortification.
- The Rauna Castle Ruins - the castle was built in 1262. The castle was used as a winter residence of the Archbishop. The settlement developed thereat. In the beginning of the 16th century it was rebuilt. In the middle of the 16th century and in the late 17th century the powerful castle was partially destroyed. Up to nowadays only the castle's main blocks have been preserved as impressive castle ruins, which rise from no less impressive hillfort.
- The Tanis Hillfort - the hillfort is located on a steep, 24 m high bank of the Rauna River valley. The hillfort place was inhabited as early as in the 6th century BC, but in the 13th century there was one of the largest and the best fortified ancient Latgalians centers. The hillfort was populated till the 14th century.
- The Rauna Staburags - dense fresh water limestone (calc-tuff) cliff on the right bank of the Rauna River was formed during thousands of years thanks to sedimentation of spring water lime. Its formation is continuing also nowadays. The length of the Rauna Staburags Cliff's most characteristic part is 17 m, the height is up to 3,5 m. There is a small niche in the cliff, through which orifice there is flowing the spring waters effluent from the piedmont. After flowage of the Daugava Staburags Cliff the Rauna Staburags is the most peculiar for such type of calc-tuff formations in Latvia.
The overnight stay in Rauna, „Satekle”
10 July. Rauna - Berzkrogs - Taurene - Vecpiebalga - Ineshi
- The Nekina (Taurene) Estate - the estate structures complex, formed in the 19th - 20th centuries, nowadays comprises the Estate Palace, the Breweries, icehouses and a blacksmith's forge, and the park.
- The Lode-Taurene Lakes - this is a subglacial lakes group stretched for 12 km. A number of large lakes - the Banuzhu, Ilzes Stupenu, Dabaru Lakes - are comparatively wide, long, stretched and deep. Through a number of lakes there flows the Gauja River, so this is the first significant water source for the Gauja upper course span.
- The Vecpiebalga /Old Piebalga/ Estate Palace in Ineshi - the estate as a single complex was created in 18th - 19th centuries. Standing on the bank of the Orisâre River the Estate Palace, designed in the classicism style, was built in 1786 during the time of Earl Sheremetev. The Estate Palace was burnt during unrest of 1905, renovated in 1909. There is a scenery park around the Palace planted with a number of various local and outlandish greenery.
The overnight stay at the „Avotini” 0.50 LVL from person.
11 July. Ineshi - Ergli
- The Ergli Castle Ruins - a stone castle on the right bank of the Ogre River built in around 1341. Researches consider that the castle was ruined during wars in 17th - 18th centuries. Only small stone remnants of thereof have been preserved up to nowadays.
- The Skanste Mount - On the left bank of the Ogre River behind the water reservoir's weir there is the Skanste Mount - the hillfort was populated in the late Iron Age. There is a gruesome legend about the hillfort that at the moment when enemies attacked the castle young girls robed into clothes and jumped through windows into the Ogre River.
12 July. Ergli – Odziena – Koknese
- Built in the middle of the 19th century during the time of Landlord Brimmer the Estate Palace in its time was one of the most impressive Latvian neo-Gothic style structures, having similar analogs in Germany and Poland. The Estate complex comprises more than 30 different buildings. During unrest of 1905 the Palace was burnt and partially renovated after the First World War. In 20 - 30ths in one part of the Palace there were arranged flats, in other - assembly premises, but a part of it still remained unfinished. Within next decades the Palace gradually decayed and nowadays once the lavish Odziena Estate Palace has been turned into a wreck - the building doesn't have any longer the roof, ceilings and windows. Only the walls have been preserved, but still neo-Gothic fa?ade elements, high tower and the building's bulk allow us to imagine the once power of the Palace and to apprehend cultural and historical values left for decay. But although the Odziena Palace is worth of visiting.
- The Koknese Castle Ruins. In 1209 the Archbishop Albert ordered to erect the stone castle on the place of a settlement of ancient Latvians. During the Great Northern War in 1701. when the castle was blown up, it was not renovated any more. (The Castle Ruins visitation: for adults Ls 0,30, for schoolchildren / students Ls 0,20)
- The Koknese Park. The area is 18 ha. The paths lead to an 11 m high sculpture “To Eternity” created by a sculptor Ìirts Burvis, to the New Castle Ruins, to the flooded Pçrse Waterfall Memorial Stone „The Pçrse Girl”, Swedish time circular crosses, cast-iron cannons, the Second World War beds-of-honor.
- The Koknese Estate Ensemble. There is a preserved once superintendent's house, wherein in 1885-1887th there lived Rûdolfs Blaumanis, whereat says the memorial plaque installed in 1933. Now a Tourist Information Center and the State Woods Office are located there.
The overnight stay in meadow near by Daugava river.
13 July. Koknese – Staburags – Aizkraukle – Skriveri – Plauzu lake
- Crossing the Daugava on rafts.
An entwined with legends fresh water limestone cliff. The cliff was of 18,5 m high and was formed from the spring water sediment calc-spar deposited on the surface of the cliff and plants being there. In 2003 there was opened a remembrance mark to the Staburags - the „God's Ear”.
The Pïaviòi HPP.
The hydropower plant was built in 1961 - 1966ths. The Pïaviòi HPP is considered as a unique one since for the first time in practice of construction of hydraulic structures the HPP was erected on sandy loam and doab ground with the maximal head - 40 m. The HPP building is joined with water overfall, under which there is arranged Enerìçtiíu Street - the longest street in Latvia.
- Meeting with Eduards Zablockis, at „Daugavbordzçnos” in Aizkraukle rural parish.
- The Platere Hillfort - there is an opinion that the Platere Hillfort before moving Latvian Eastern borders was a geographical center of Latvia. Secondly, in order to add more romanticism to the site, the Platere Lord ordered to erect artificial ruins on the ancient hillfort, and that fake has been preserved up to nowadays. In the Hillfort vicinity there can be also visited two grand oaks with a 6 m circuit.
The overnight stay in meadow near by Plauzu lake.
14 July. Plauzu lake
15 July. Plauzu lake - Zaube – Nitaure
The overnight stay in Nîtaure at „Salmiòu” farm, in the meadow.
- The Zaube Oak - the ninth thickest Latvian oak, its impressiveness was mentioned as early as in the beginning of the 20th century.
- The Zaube Estate and the Castle Ruins - in the 18th century's estate complex nowadays there can be observed a dwelling house, a water pumping station, a park planted with 76 foreign greeneries and the landlords' graveyard. When in the 13th century Zaube fell under the rule of the Livonian Order, the Order here built a stone castle, destroyed during the Livonian War, an later during the Swedish - Polish War. To nowadays the castle ruins have been preserved.
16 July. Nitaure „Salmini” – Sigulda
- Excursion to the exotic birds garden (ostriches, ibises, peacocks etc.), charge Ls 1.00 LVL per a person.
- Ostrich omelet Ls 1.-, ostrich meat Ls 7.-/ kg
- The Turaida Museum National Park (the Turaida Castle, The Dainu Mount, The graveyard of Turaida Rose, the Turaida Estate etc.) - charge for adults Ls 2.-, for students Ls 0.80.-, for schoolchildren Ls 0.50.-
- The Vçju Rivett and its vicinity - the Satezele Hillfort (in the early 13th century in the Satezele Hiilfort there was a Feudal Lord Dabrel Oak Castle), The Kraukïu Ravine and the Kraukïu Cave, The Paradise Mount (from the Paradise Mount there is a magnificent view to the ancient valley of the Gauja River and to the Turaida Castle).
- The Velnala Cliff /The Devil Cave's Cliff) and the Krimulda Velnala /the Devil Cave/ is the last imposing cliff wall in the ancient Gauja valley, which rises from the waters of the river.
- Raganu katls /the Witches Pot/ - in Latvia (and in the Baltics) is a unique geological formation created thanks to the sandstone subsoil erosion from the bank slopes of the Dauda Rivulet. In the result of this natural process there was formed a funnel of around 30 m depth and 20 m width, in which the geological processes are going on nowadays.
17 July. Sigulda – Riga - Open Air Museum
Riga – is the central city of Baltic States! Its history backs to 1201, when by order of Bishop Albert there was commenced construction of the city fortification. Before that on this place there was the Livs settlement under a similar name.
Riga's history throughout centuries was connected to trading – either when it was the Hanseatic member-city, or when it was ruled by foreign aggressors. In the 13 – 15 centuries the aggressors were mainly the Germans, followed by the Poles, then in the 17 century – the Swedes, turning the city into a main city of the Swedish Kingdom, and after the Russian Tsar Peter I “opening Baltic window”, also the Russians. The 19 century appeared as a century of creation of a new image of Riga, when the city within a short period of time developed an image of industrial city becoming the 5 th largest city in the Russian Empire. Yet at the same time the end of the 19 th century and early 20 th century is Riga's spacious time, when it was developing its parks, architecture and arts, mainly preserved in Riga up to nowadays.
Riga – is small Paris... Such comparison can be heard quite often since it fascinates as much as its Western European sister.
Nowadays Riga is a cosmopolitan, modern and green thinking city with the population of about ~ 800 000 people, where the dominants are the Riga Tower, the Old Town, smiling people and the Riga Black Balsam.
The Latvian Ethnographic Open Air Museum
The Latvian Ethnographic Open-Air Museum was founded at the Shore of Jugla Lake in 1924 as a Monument to a decision adopted by the Government. To the Museum from all Latvian districts there were delivered samples of folk construction – buildings and complexes wherein there was fit – out accordant interior. Its mission was to preserve architectural and cultural values peculiar to Latvian cultural and historic landscape and to provide opportunities to get acquainted with them at one single site. Now, 80 years after the foundation, it seems that the Museum is conceptually full within its objective capacities. It is still needed to construct and fit – out some acquired buildings and to study connection between the folk construction traditions and life of people of those times. Still the uppermost factor is and will remain – to protect, protect and preserve our common heritage: "...seeable content of bygone day's life..."
18 July. Riga Open Air Museum – Slampe
The overnight stay in „Pilsetnieki” - 1 LVL for tent place
19 July. Slampe – Dzukste – Lestene – Jaunpils – Strutele
- Lestene Lutheran Church built in 1704 -1709ths, its bell was cast in 1740, the tower renovated in 1890.
- The Warriors Cemetery of Latvians warriors fell in the 2 nd World War, next to the Lestene Lutheran Church. On this Cemetery there have been re-buried over 900 warriors fell in the 2 nd World War, mainly in Kurzeme Fortress battle field, Zemgale and Vidzeme battle fields. On the Cemetery there has been erected a monument created by a sculptress A.Dumpe „Mother Land - Latvia”.
- Visitation of the Jaunpils Castle and the Park. The Livonian Order's castle was built in 1301 as a fortress, surrounded by water from three sides. The Jaunpils Castle is peculiar because it is one of few castles in Latvia that nearly haven't changed their building bulk and exterior view.
The Strutele Estate - K. Barons spent his first years here, where his father served as a taskmaster. At the building, where the Barons family lived, there has been installed a memorial plaque. Not long time ago in the Castle there worked K. Barons' Elementary School, but now it is liquidated and has become a private property.
The overnight stay at the Strutele Estate, in the meadow.
20 July. Strutele – Irlava – Zemite – Kandava – Sabile
The overnight stay at Abava Falls, in the meadow (Ls 0. 50,- per a person)
- Kandava city historical center - Kandava is attractive thanks to its historical center - the Old Town Square and its structures. The attention is captured by steep off streets and the end of Liekâs Street at the piedmont of the „Vçjspârns” /Wind Wing/ Mount, where each end of buildings has different number of floors. Some buildings are decorated with communicating arches. Also there have been preserved two stone cobbled streets and the oldest stonewall bridge in Latvia.
- The Kandava Kurshi Hillfort - on the place of nowadays Kurshi Hillfort (popularly called as the Ancient Hillfort or the Devil's Bed) there was the Kandava Kurshi Castle - one of Vanema land centers. First time it was mentioned in 1230 in the agreement, wherein the Kurshi promised to get baptized. As a legend says when there came bad enemies the Castle sank and never rose again.
21 July. Sabile
- Sabile historical center
- Sabiles Lutheran Church
- Sabile Wine Mount - vineyards on slopes of the right bank of the Abava River were cultivated already in times of knights and dukes, and Sabile wines were exported even abroad. Wine-grapes started to be cultivated again in 1938 on the initiative of a viniculturer P.Gailis. Wine Festivals have been arranged in the town since 1999 every year in the second half of July. The Wine Mount is recorded with the Guinness Records Book as the most northerly existing vineyard.
Excursion: for students, schoolchildren, pensioners Ls 0,15, for adults Ls 0,30, groups are granted a 10% discount.
- The Sabile Hillfort - a 25 m high hillfort, mounted on the upper side of the bank of the ancient valley of the Abava River, bounded from two sides by ravines, on its eastern side there is formed a 6 m high dyke. In the 11th - 17th centuries the hillfort was populated with the Livians turned into the Kurshians, who persuaded trades. From the hillfort's crest there is a magnificent view to the Abava River valley, Pedvâle and Sabile towns.
- The Pedvâle Open Air Museum of Arts - on the picturesque bank slope of the Abava River ancient valley in vicinity of the Firkspedvâle and Briòípedvâle estates in 1992 on the initiative of a sculpture O. Feldbergs there was founded a 150 ha wide Open Air Museum of Arts - Park. In the open-air expositions, placed throughout the Museum along visitors' paths, there can be seen modern pieces of arts - installations, sculptures etc. artifacts.
Excursions: for adults Ls 1,50, for students, schoolchildren, pensioners Ls 0,70.
- Swedish Hat (Íempju Piltiòkalns)
- Abava Falls
- Sudmaïu Waterfall
- Mâra's Chambers - a number of small fractured sandstone caves and detritions formed on the right bank side ravine of the Abava River. The Mâra's Chambers in ancient times were used to be a cultic place. They say that in nights you can see there the water nymphs dancing.
- Îvande Waterfall
- The Renda Estate Ensemble
The overnight stay at the Abava Falls, in the meadow (charge Ls 0. 50, per a person)
22 July. Sabile – Talsi – Dundaga
- The Talsi Hillfort - archeological excavations prove that in 10th - 14th centuries there was one of the best fortified and the biggest hillfort populated by the Vanema Livians and later the Kurshians. Some historians mention also the Talsi Hillfort as a possible residence of the Kurshians Governor Lamekin.
- Visitation of the Talsi town historical center - town's historical structures on slopes around the Church Mount on the shores of the Talsi and Vilkmuizha Lakes were formed mainly in the 19th century.
23 July. Dundaga
- Dundaga center: a medieval palace with A Green Maiden, a park with Money Oak, ancient estate complex's buildings, Dakterleja, one of the biggest Kurzeme stone churches, a light-railroad station, the Crocodile and many other places of attraction, facts and stories. (Dundaga guide Ruta Berzinja: 3237858, 3237860)
- Dundaga vicinity: some motor and cycle routes via Dundaga vicinity (incl. conducted tour), depending upon wishes and possibilities the route can include visitation of a stone pyramid dedicated to Kr.Barons, The Kubala School - Museum, the Liepniekvalka Caves, Puishkalns /Boys' Mount/ etc sites) (Dundaga guide Ruta Berzinja: 3237858, 3237860)
- Dundaga cycle track - via nature and cultural sites, ecological tourism -oriented: Dundaga center - the Liepniekvalka Caves - an organic farm “Jumari” - The Valpene Pyramid - The Kubala School - Museum - a crocodile hunter's house - tasting of traditional treats at the farm „Jaunsniíeri” - original trees, stones, returning to Dundaga. Road surface - asphalt, gravel, various woodland roads. For conducted tours a preliminary application is a must (Nature guide Alanda Pulinja: 9444395, in evenings: 3242862)
- The Kr. Barons' pyramid, an organic farm, an estate etc. (~ 25 km)
The organic farm's “Jaunsniíeri” traditional treats at Ls 0,40 per a person. Aigars Zadinsh, ph.
32 42801, Dundaga rural parish.
The organic farm's „Jumari” prix fixe shall be advised later. The Landlady Gunita Tropinja, ph. 32 43735, Dundaga rural parish.
Appraise your skills and start training for the cycle race in time!
TO PLACE AN ORDER FOR THE BUS SEATS TO TARTU AND DETAILED INFORMATION CAN BE OBTAINED by E-mail: email@example.com
NUMBER OF PLACES IS LIMITED !
Krishjanis Barons (1835-1923)
Barons immortalized his name having compiled the Latvian folk songs (Dainas). He spent the largest part of his life at this work.
In 1856 Kr. Barons left for Terbata to study Mathematics and Astronomy.
During summer vacations he traveled throughout Latvia and in the result of those travels there appeared a book “The Description of our Fatherland”
Later Kr. Barons moved to study in St. Petersburg, where he worked hard at publishing of the “Petersburg Newspaper”.
Later on Kr. Barons moved to Moscow, where together with other Latvians commenced the work on collection and generalization of the Latvian intangible heritage.
In 1893 he moved to Riga and continued the work on generalization of the Latvian Dainas.
Barons started writing when he was a student, trying different genres, when working at the Petersburg Newspaper, and dedicated the rest of his life to aggregation of the Latvian folk songs solely.
In studentship Barons wrote the Baltic geography under the title: The Description of our Fatherland and some appendixes, briefly entered. A book for schools and homes. Jelgava, at G. U. Renher, 1859. That was the first geography, written about the proximate Latvian mother country from the Latvian point of view. In consecutive order there was given brief, but rather profound information on lands of Kurzeme, Vidzeme and Estonia, marking sizes, residents, hills, waters, depicting peculiarities of some places, specific hills and rivers. It gave a coherent review on the landscape of the Baltic lands, the climate and productions. At the end there was enclosed a comprehensive description of the Baltic and the neighboring nations.
Still the largest contribution is his work on aggregation, classification and collection of the Latvian folk songs.
Barons spent on the Latvian Dainas nearly 25 years.
The Latvian folk songs are the wealth, which makes the Latvian culture rich and immortal.
1859-year Kr Barons' memories of the travel from Tçrbata till Dundaga:
A prominent Latvian cultural worker Krishjanis Barons wrote his memories in the end of his life and under his wish they were not published during his lifetime.
Kr. Barons: - „My foot travels through Vidzeme and Kurzeme in summer of 1895.
I knew more or less Kurzeme. Born in the middle of Kurzeme region in Strutele, I spent my childhood in Ile, my first school was in Dobele, and then I moved to the Northeastern end of Kurzeme, to Dundaga. From there I attended the Ventspils District School and then the Jelgava Gymnasium.
Vidzeme was quite foreign to me, only once I traveled by a postal hooded cart from Riga to Tçrbate and back. To get acquainted a bit with Vidzeme nature and people I decided to travel by feet during summer vacations from Terbata through Vidzeme to home, to Dundaga.
Of course, I wished to find a permanent companion for my travels, but I fortuned to find one only for the first stage of my route - from Tçrbate till Valka. That was a medical student Kalninsh. We decided to visit, first of all, the Saint Lake. That was our first days walk.
Having slept in a tavern at the lakeshore, next day we walked around the lake, and crossed on a boat the lake itself and its isles, and also dived into its serene water.
At the end we went to the nearest parish school to stay there overnight.
A teacher, an Estonian, welcomed us and allotted to us school premises empty during summer time to stay overnight. We arranged our sleeping places on wide desks and hoped to fell asleep quickly after the day's adventures, but frustrated, soon we started scratching ourselves. Having burnt up candles we were quite frightened. Our sleeping places were teamed and moved from red beasts, from bugs. A fight with those legions would be a failure and therefore we left the battlefield and cleared off to the woods. There, putting our heads on hillocks, we peacefully passed a short summer night.”
Kr. Barons walked on public roads of his time. They have been changed during 146 years.
Kr. Barons: - „First of all I went to the Valka teachers' seminar, which at that time was directed by my acquaintance Janis Cimze, who made immense contributions into the Latvians' education. I was welcomed there.”
Serfdom Abolition Law (1819) envisaged organization of schools. There was a demand for teachers. Clergymen decided to open teacher's seminars and to train Cimze as a director.
Later the seminars were moved to Valka. The trainings were carried out in German. Only students with tuneful ear were admitted to the seminar.
Kr. Barons: - „From Valka I walked through Smiltene, Rauna to Vec-Piebalga /Old Piebalga/. I was specifically interested in habitants of Piebalga. They had different dialect and lived a bit differently than their neighbors and they were well-known as traveling peddlers selling out linen of their own manufacturer.”
Till abolition of serfdom a free moving of peasants in Latvia was restricted. Therefore folk of one region, rural parish, estate of one lord, living quite dissociated, created common featured clothes, language (dialect), building technologies and customs. Habitants of Piebalga specifically stood out, and they were well known for their matchless textile.
Kr. Barons: - „I also entered the church. As in all countryside churches, there were “chairs” for men on the right side and for ladies on the left side. Back wall of chairs ended at leaves with higher posts. Each man, making his way to a chair, puts his hat on the post end. There a huge pile of hats amasses. I also honored this custom and put my student cap on the top of the hats' pile.”
The Old Piebalga Church. In 1839 there was put a foundation stone, consecrated in 1845, ruined in the Second World War.
They say - when a birch tree, which is growing at the wall of the church, becomes big enough to make the altar's cross out of it, the church will be revived.
Kr. Barons: - „From Piebalga I went to Çrgïi, where I wanted to find my good friend, a doctor Jurjanis. Together we made the rounds in neighborhood. Jurjans zestfully partook ale therefore we quite often set turning to local taverns”
How Ergli tapsters sing;
Vimba sings, join the company,
And taste the Divine things.
Kristjan Jaak Peterson (14 March 1801, Riga – 4 August 1822, Riga)
Kristjan Jaak Peterson was born the son of a churchwarden who originated from Viljandi County. Kristjan Jaak's father performed the duties of bell-ringer and precentor in the Estonian Congregation of Riga. The young man, who was born and raised and lived most of his life on Latvian soil, had a love for the Estonian language and culture that was nurtured by home, school and philosophy. His father's stories of the beauty of Estonian nature and their ancestral farm in Kikka kindled his interest in his father's country.
Kristjan attended the Provincial Gymnasium in Riga, where he already wrote poetry and prose meditations. From 1819–1820 he studied at the Faculty of Theology and Philosophy of the University of Tartu.
Kristjan Jaak Peterson was influenced by the contemporary European philosophy of the Enlightenment, which asserted the importance of national culture, languages and beliefs. He had an especially keen interest in languages and already studied and taught German, Swedish, Russian, Latin, Greek and Hebrew during his Gymnasium days. However, his own mother tongue, Estonian, remained closest to his heart. One of Kristjan Jaak Peterson's few friends was Latvian scholar Kaspars Biezbârdis, to whom he gave free language lessons.
Legend tells us that Kristjan Jaak Peterson used to travel on foot between Tartu and Riga, using the old Riga highway.
Peterson proclaimed himself the bard of his people, appreciated the national spirit of literature and suggested the possibility of creating an original Estonian literature. Of his poetry, nearly twenty-five compositions (including three in German) have survived. The bulk of this work consists of heroic-philosophical odes, which are characterised by exalted and colourful vocabulary that is rich in contrasts, and pastoral poetry of a simpler character, which contains the motifs and techniques of Estonian folk songs. The influence of classical literature (Theocritos) and the Pre-Romantics (Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock) is also apparent. Kristjan knew at least 16 different languages (including several Oriental languages). The poet died of tuberculosis.
Villem Reiman discovered Peterson's manuscript in the archives of the Estonian Learned Society (Õpetatud Eesti Selts) in 1901; his place among eminent Estonian literary figures was largely restored thanks to the enthusiasm of Gustav Suits. Peterson's poems and diary were only published in 1922. He is honoured with a statue in his likeness, which was unveiled on Toome Hill in Tartu in 1983. Jaak Soans and Allan Murdmaa designed the monument.
March 14, the anniversary of the birth of Kristjan Jaak Peterson, is celebrated as the Day of the Estonian Language since 1996, and in 1999 it was elevated to the status of national holiday.
Before joining the trip, please, assess your skills to ride and physical capacities!
Each participant shall be responsible personally for his/ her safety!
Each participant shall cover all costs on the trip!
Bicycles should be in a good riding order!
Under-age participants should ride accompanied by adults! !
Things necessary for the trip:
· Passports to go to Estonia;
· A tent;
· Sleeping bags;
· Wheels lamps and reflectors;
· Appropriate clothes and footwear;
· Swimming suits and towels;
· Insecticide repellents;
· Drinking water;
· Spare inner tube;
· First aid kit;
· A pocket torch;
· Bicycle rider's license (In Estonia bicycle rider's license necessary only for children 10-16 years
· Helmets (In Estonia only for children 10-16 years
· Bicycles should pass the technical inspection;
· Students, schoolchildren and pensioners should have relevant certificates.